This article describes analytic and holistic rubric setup.


D2L Rubrics can be created to evaluate an item, such as Assignments or Discussion, on a predefined set of criteria. D2L has two types of rubrics available:

  • Analytic rubrics allow you to assess items based on more than one criterion. Levels of achievement are displayed in columns and assessment criteria are displayed in rows. Analytic rubrics may use a points or text only scoring method.
  • Holistic rubrics allow you to assess participants’ overall achievement on an assessment based on a single criterion using predefined achievement levels.


Creating an Analytic Rubric

Access the Rubrics tool by clicking “Assessments" > "Rubrics" in the course navigation menu. Click “New Rubric.”


Enter a name and description (optional) for your rubric.


Select “Analytic” as the rubric type and enter the number of initial levels and criteria (you can add more later). Also select a scoring method:

Text Only – Performance levels are indicated by text, such as “Poor”, “Good”, and “Excellent.”

Points – Adds a value to the text levels. For example “Poor (0 points)”, “Good (75 points)”, and “Excellent (125 points).”

Custom Points – Custom points allow you to customize the points given for each criterion. For example, if performance levels are “Poor”, “Good”, and “Excellent”, then the criterion “Spelling and Grammar” can be worth 0 points, 10 points, and 20 points for each level, while the criterion “Expression” can be worth 0 points, 30 points, and 60 points, making it worth three times the points of “Spelling and Grammar.”

Also determine whether students will see scores.


Be sure to click the box for "Competencies" under "Advanced Availability." This option will allow you to associate the rubric to different tools throughout the learning environment (discussions, assignments).

Navigate to the "Levels and Criteria" tab. Edit your criteria by clicking the arrow next to each criterion and choosing “Edit Criterion.”


Give the criterion a name. Then enter a description for each performance level that outlines the requirements for that level. You can also enter optional feedback.

Once you have entered a description for each level for the criterion, click “Save” and repeat this process for each additional criterion.


You can edit your levels by clicking the arrow next to one of the level names.


Change the name for the level and the point value and then click “Save.” Repeat this process for each level.

You can also edit the description and feedback for each criterion for that level on this page.


After the rubric is setup, return to the “Properties” tab and set the status to “Published.” Click “Close” to exit the rubric tool. You can now associate the rubric with an item in D2L to use for assessment.



Creating a Holistic Rubric

Access the Rubrics tool by clicking “Course Elements” > "Rubrics" in the NavBar. Click “New Rubric.”


Enter a name and description for your rubric.


Select “Holistic” as the rubric type and enter the number of initial levels (you can always add more later). Also select a scoring method:

Text Only – Performance levels are indicated by text, such as “Poor”, “Good”, and “Excellent.”

Percentage – Percentages can automatically be assessed based on the score of its item (for example, a grade item).

Also determine whether students will see scores (only if you are using percentage scoring method).


Be sure to click the box for "Competencies" under "Advanced Availability." This option will allow you to associate the rubric to different tools throughout the learning environment (discussions, assignments).

Navigate to the “Levels” tab. Edit your levels by clicking the “Edit Levels” option at the top. You can also edit individual levels by clicking the arrow next to one of the levels and choosing “Edit level.”


Enter a name, starting range, description, and optional feedback for each level. When you are finished, click “Save.”


After the rubric is setup, return to the “Properties” tab and set the status to “Published.” Click “Close” to exit the rubric tool. You can now associate the rubric with an item in D2L to use for assessment.